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Les verbes irréguliers anglais


Les verbes irréguliers anglais

En Anglais, tout verbe conjugué au prétérit (passé simple) ou au participe passé doit se terminer par « ed ». Cependant, certains verbes ne suivent pas cette règle et sont appelés « verbes irréguliers ».

La liste suivante contient 154 verbes irréguliers anglais.
Les 80 verbes irréguliers les plus courants sont en rose.
Les formes des verbes irréguliers identiques sont en gras.

  Base verbale Passé simple Participe passé Traduction
1 to awake awoke awoken éveiller
* to be was / were been être
2 to bear bore borne supporter
3* to beat beat beaten battre
4* to become became become devenir
5* to begin began begun commencer
6 to bend bent bent plier, tordre
7 to bet bet bet parier
8 to bid bid bid enchérir, offrir
9 to bind bound bound lier
10 to bite bit bitten mordre
11 to bleed bled bled saigner
12* to blow blew blown souffler
13* to break broke broken casser
14 to breed bred bred se reproduire, élever
15* to bring brought brought amener
16* to build built built construire
17* to burn burnt burnt brûler
18 to burst burst burst crever, éclater
19* to buy bought bought acheter
20 to cast cast cast projeter, lancer
21* to catch caught caught attrapper
22* to choose chose chosen choisir
23 to cling clung clung s'accrocher
24* to come came come venir
25* to cost cost cost coûter
26 to creep crept crept ramper
27* to cut cut cut couper
28 to deal dealt dealt conclure affaire, distribuer
29* to dig dug dug creuser
30* to do did done faire
31* to draw drew drawn tracer, dessiner
32* to dream dreamt dreamt rêver
33* to drink drank drunk boire
34* to drive drove driven conduire
35 to dwell dwelt dwelt demeurer, habiter
36* to eat ate eaten manger
37* to fall fell fallen tomber
38* to feed fed fed donner a manger, nourir
39* to feel felt felt sentir, éprouver
40* to fight fought fought battre, combattre
41* to find found found trouver
42 to flee fled fled fuir, s'enfuir
43 to fling flung flung lancer
44* to fly flew flown voler
45 to forbid forbade forbidden interdire
46* to forget forgot forgotten oublier
47 to forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
48* to freeze froze frozen geler
49* to get got got obtenir
50* to give gave given donner
51* to go went gone aller
52 to grind ground ground moudre
53* to grow grew grown cultiver, grandir
54 to hang hung hung pendre, accrocher
55* to have had had avoir
56* to hear heard heard entendre
57* to hide hid hidden (se) cacher
58* to hit hit hit frapper, atteindre
59* to hold held held tenir
60* to hurt hurt hurt blesser
61* to keep kept kept garder
62 to kneel knelt knelt s'agenouiller
63* to know knew known connaître, savoir
64 to lay laid laid poser
65 to lead led led mener
66 to lean leant leant (s') appuyer
67 to leap leapt leapt bondir, sauter
68* to learn learnt learnt apprendre (aussi "learned / learned")
69* to leave left left quitter, laisser
70* to lend lent lent prêter
71* to let let let laisser, louer
72 to lie lay lain être étendu (régulier lorsqu'il signifie "mentir")
73 to light lit lit allumer
74* to lose lost lost perdre
75* to make made made fabriquer
76* to mean meant meant vouloir dire
77* to meet met met rencontrer
78* to pay paid paid payer
79* to put put put mettre
80 to quit quit quit quitter, cesser (de)
81* to read read /rɛd/ read /rɛd/ lire
82 to rid rid rid débarasser
83* to ride rode ridden monter, chevaucher
84* to ring rang rung sonner
85* to rise rose risen élever, se lever
86* to run ran run courir
87 to saw sawed sawn scier
88* to say said said dire
89* to see saw seen voir
90 to seek sought sought chercher
91* to sell sold sold vendre
92* to send sent sent envoyer
93* to set set set poser, fixer
94 to sew sewed sewn coudre
95* to shake shook shaken secouer
96 to shear sheared shorn tondre
97 to shed shed shed verser (sang)
98 to shine shone shone briller
99 to shoe shod shod chausser
100 to shoot shot shot tuer
101* to show showed shown montrer
102 to shrink shrank shrunk rétrécir
103 to shut shut shut fermer
104* to sing sang sung chanter
105 to sink sank sunk couler
106* to sit sat sat s'assoir, être assis
107* to sleep slept slept dormir
108 to slide slid slid glisser
109 to sling slung slung lancer
110 to slink slunk slunk se glisser
111 to slit slit slit déchirer, fendre
112* to smell smelt smelt sentir
113 to sow sowed sown semer
114* to speak spoke spoken parler
115 to speed sped sped accélérer, aller vite
116 to spell spelt spelt épeler
117* to spend spent spent dépenser
118 to spill spilt spilt répandre
119 to spit spat spat cracher
120 to split split split fendre
121 to spoil spoilt spoilt gâcher, gâter
122 to spread spread spread étendre, répandre
123* to spring sprang sprung jaillir, bondir
124* to stand stood stood être debout
125* to steal stole stolen voler, dérober
126 to stick stuck stuck coller
127 to sting stung stung piquer
128 to stink stank stunk puer
129 to stride strode stridden enjamber, marcher à grands pas
130 to strike struck struck heurter, frapper
131 to string strung strung enfiler
132 to strive strove striven s'efforcer
133* to swear swore sworn jurer
134* to sweep swept swept balayer
135 to swell swelled swollen grossir, enfler
136* to swim swam swum nager
137 to swing swung swung (se) balancer
138* to take took taken prendre
139* to teach taught taught enseigner
140 to tear tore torn déchirer
141* to tell told told dire, raconter
142* to think thought thought penser
143* to throw threw thrown lancer
144 to thrust thrust thrust enfoncer
145 to tread trod trodden marcher sur
146* to understand understood understood comprendre
147* to wake woke woken (se) réveiller
148* to wear wore worn porter (habit)
149 to weave wove woven tisser
150 to weep wept wept pleurer
151* to win won won gagner
152 to wind wound wound enrouler, remonter
153 to wring wrung wrung tordre
154* to write wrote written écrire

Une liste exhaustive de près de 300 verbes irréguliers (PDF) comprenant les transcriptions phonétiques et une traduction de chaque verbe en français est disponible sur Wikibooks.


Une idée originale de Manu Payet: une chanson pour apprendre les verbes irréguliers anglais.


Manu Payet - Every Late - Preterit par DumbaDonf



Sources:



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