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L'anglais des élections


Vocabulaire anglais des élections


2012, c'est l'année des élections en France et aux États-Unis. L'occasion où jamais de rafraîchir votre vocabulaire sur les élections.

Voici les mots anglais les plus courants pour comprendre les élections.

Par ex. : ballot, electorate roll, to cast a null vote, constituency, canvas a district etc.

Mise à jour par : (19/09/2012)

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Common words concerning elections

theelectionsles élections
areferendumun référendum
aballotun scrutin, un vote
the presidential electionsles élections présidentielles
general electionsles élections législatives
elections to the European Parliamentles élections européennes
adirect electionune élection au suffrage direct
apolitical partyun parti politique
theparty in powerle parti au pouvoir
acandidate for un candidat pour
thePresidentle Président
theVice-Presidentle vice-président
thePrime Ministerle Premier Ministre
theParliamentle Parlement
anelection campaignune campagne électorale
campaign promisesles promesses électorales
avoteun vote
ablank voteun vote blanc
aproxy voteun vote par procuration
auseful voteun vote utile
aprotest voteun vote de protestation
theright to votele droit de vote
electoral fraudla fraude électorale
voting ageâge légal pour voter
elector / voterélecteur
aregistered voterélecteurs inscrits
an undecided voter / swing voterélecteurs indécis
thefirst/second ballot le premier / second tour (du scrutin)
relative majorityla majorité relative
overall / absolute majorityla majorité absolue
anopinion pollun sondage d'opinion
apolling station / placebureau de vote
aballot paperun bulletin de vote
aballotun vote
aballot boxune urne électorale
avoting machine, ballot machine machine à voter
apolling boothl'isoloir
avoter cardcarte d'électeur
anelectorate rollune liste électorale
thecounting of votesle dépouillement
theturnoutla participation
abstentionabstention
theabstention ratele taux d'abstention
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Common verb concerning elections

tovotevoter
tocast a ballotvoter
togo to the pollse rendre aux urnes
tovote for sbvoter pour qqn
tovote against sb voter contre qqn
tocast a blank votevoter blanc
tocast a null votefaire un vote nul
toengage in tactical votingvoter utile
tovote by secret ballotvoter à bulletin secret
toelectélire
towin the electionsremporter les elections
torun for officese présenter à des élections
towin officeêtre élu à un poste
tostand as candidatese porter candidat
tocanvas a districtfaire du porte-à-porte électoral
tomake a speechfaire un discours
tochallenge sbdéfier qqn
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US elections

aDemocratun démocrate
aRepublicanun républicain
theRepublican Partyle parti républicain
theDemocratic Partyle parti démocrate
theSenatele sénat
theAmerican Parliamentle parlement américain
theCongressle Congrès
aCongressman/Congresswomanun membre du Congrès
theHouse of Representativesla Chambre des députés
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UK elections

theTories, Conservative Partyle parti conservateur
theLabour Partyle parti travailleur
theLiberal Democratsles Libéraux
theParliamentle Parlement
theHouse of Commonsla Chambre des communes
theHouse of Lordsla Chambre des Lords
thePrime Ministerle Premier Ministre
aconstituencyla circonscription électorale
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Example sentences

An election is a way people can choose their candidate or their preferences in a democracy or other form of government.
Most electoral systems are either proportional or majoritarian.
Most democratic countries hold new elections for their national legislature every few years, but this differs from country to country.
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UK Elections - Example Sentences

All the Members of Parliament (MPs) forming the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom are elected.
Candidates aim to win particular geographic constituencies in the United Kingdom.
Each constituency elects one MP by the first past the post system of election.
The largest party not in government becomes the Official Opposition, known as Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition.
The "Loyal Opposition" describes an important constitutional concept: opposing the government is not treason; reasonable men can honestly oppose its policies and still be loyal to the Sovereign and the nation.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Sovereign.
The Prime Minister will appoint all other cabinet members and ministers.
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US Elections - Example Sentences

The United States has a federal government, with elected officials at the federal (national), state and local levels.  
On a national level, the President, is elected indirectly by the people, through an Electoral College.  
The Senate has 100 members, elected for a six year term in dual-seat constituencies (two from each state), with one-third being renewed every two years.  
The House of Representatives has 435 members, elected for a two year term in single-seat constituencies.  
House of Representatives elections are held every two years.  
House elections are first-past-the-post elections that elect a Representative from each of 435 House districts which cover the United States.  
First-past-the-post voting, also called Majoritarian, refers to an election won by the candidate with the most votes (not necessarily an absolute majority).  
 

The American Election Process - In Plain English

Comment fonctionnent les élections présidentielle en États-Unis?
Voici une explication en anglais relativement simple.
Vous pouvez lire la transcription sur le site de Commoncraft



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